Germany's Lars Stindl scored a last-gasp equaliser to rescue a 2-2 draw against France in a friendly as the world champions stretched their unbeaten run to 21 matches.
France twice led through Alexandre Lacazette, who netted either side of Timo Werner's leveller, and looked set to triumph as they had in Germany's last defeat in a Euro 2016 semi-final.
But Stindl struck in stoppage time to rescue the hosts.
Both teams having qualified for next year's World Cup in Russia and are considered among the title favourites.
Germany coach Joachim Low was eager to test his squad and made six changes to the team that drew 0-0 against England at Wembley on Friday, including three in defence.
But the hosts struggled under early French pressure, with the speedy Kylian Mbappe and Blaise Matuidi a constant threat.
Lacazette, replacing injured forward Olivier Giroud, forced a good save from Germany keeper Kevin Trapp with a powerful shot but went one better in the 34th minute, tapping in from close range after superb work from Anthony Martial.
The Germans woke up after the break and substitute Antonio Rudiger should have levelled when he was set up by Julian Draxler in the box.
Instead it was Werner who grabbed the equaliser in the 56th minute with his seventh goal in his 10th international as he finished off a quick break launched by Mesut Ozil.
Toni Kross then hit the bar in the 70th as the Germans looked to be in complete control before another quick French break earned the hosts their second goal.
Martial should have added a third late in the game but Trapp did well to deny him as the forward charged into the box before Stindl's added-time goal salvaged a draw.
Elsewhere, Sergio Ramos scored two penalties as Spain played out an entertaining 3-3 draw against 2018 World Cup hosts Russia in St Petersburg to maintain their unbeaten record.
Belgium striker Romelu Lukaku became his country's leading scorer at the age of 24 when his goal gave them a 1-0 win over fellow World Cup qualifiers Japan in a friendly.
World Cup qualifiers Uruguay paid for wayward finishing as they suffered a shock 2-1 defeat to Austria.
Chris Coleman marked what could be his final game as Wales manager with a 1-1 draw against World Cup finalists Panama.
Tom Lawrence's 75th-minute wonderful solo strike - his second Wales goal - looked like settling a hard-fought friendly in Cardiff, but the hosts were pegged back in the third minute of stoppage time when Armando Cooper rifled home.
Goals by Antoine Griezmann and Olivier Giroud earned France a comprehensive 2-0 home win against Wales in a friendly game at the Stade de France on Friday.
The duo found the back of the net either side of the interval as Les Bleus, who will take part in next year's World Cup finals, snatched a routine win.
Griezmann volleyed home just inside the box from Corentin Tolisso's superb cross in the 18th minute to put Didier Deschamps's team ahead.
It was the 10th time in his last 12 games for the national side that the Atletico Madrid forward was involved in a goal.
Wales, who missed out on a place at next year's tournament in Russia, were just content to defend.
In the second half, Kylian Mbappe's cross was met by Giroud, who beat Wayne Hennessey with a left-footed shot in the 71st minute to seal the win.
World Cup qualifying Group A, Stadium Municipal Toulouse - France 0 Luxembourg 0
2016 European championship finalists France have been held to a 0-0 home draw by lowly Luxembourg at the Stadium Municipal in Toulouse.
France - 10th in the world rankings - were coming off the back of a 4-0 win over the Netherlands, while Luxembourg - the world's 136th best side - were already eliminated, rooted to the bottom of Group A.
Antoine Griemann and Paul Pogba went close with efforts from distance but they struggled to break down a defensive Luxemborug in the first 45 minutes. N'Golo Kante could even have seen red for a wild challenge on Vincent Thill.
In the second half, France pushed without much luck, and Gerson Rodrigues almost won it for Luxembourg when he crashed a late chance against the post on a rare foray for the away side, and Jonathan Joubert repelled the best France could come up with.
France move top of the group despite the embarrassment, and a win against Bulgaria and then Belarus would see them qualify.
Should N'Golo Kante have seen red? Treading on Thill with his studs up, on his shin, could have caused a broken bone. France probably would have remained in control of possession, but in a match with more needle, Kante would probably have seen red for such a reckless challenge.
MAN OF THE MATCH
Jonathan Joubert (Luxembourg): A succession of smart stops kept Luxembourg in the match for a famous and unlikely point, but there should be no exaggeration about the 'keeper's performance. This was a team success that was built on defensive organisation, determination and a willingness to attack where possible.
MATCHCAST: FULL MATCH STATS AND COMMENTARY
France: Lloris 6, Kurzawa 5, Sidibe 5, Umtiti 6, Koscielny 5, Pogba 6, Kante 5, Lemar 7, Mbappe 7, Griezmann 6, Giroud 5. Subs: Lacazette 6, Coman 6, Fekir 6.
Luxembourg: Joubert 8, Janisch 6, Jans 6, Malget 6, Philipps 7, Skenderovic 6, Martins 6, V. Thill 7, Da Mota 6, S. Thill 6, Turpel 6. Subs: Sinani 6, Fernandes 7, Holter 6.
37' - POGBA SHOT - Lemar has a shot blocked on the edge of the box. Giroud flicks it to Pogba on the edge of the box, and he fires in a low shot that Joubert tips around the post.
40' - GRIEZMANN FREE KICK - Griezmann thunders a free kick over the wall, it dips late, and crashes against the cross bar, Joubert getting fingertips to it.
42' - KANTE FOUL - Kante catches Vincent Thill, standing on his shin. He could - probably should - have been sent off, but the referee appears to let things go given the calm nature of the game.
58' - GRIEZMANN SHOT - Sidibe picks out a cross to Griezmann at the near post and he lifts his effort way over the bar.
77' - POGBA HEADER - Lacazette drags a shot at goal from an angle, and it's deflected wide by Philipps. From the ensuing corner, Pogba gets to the second ball and sends a looping header crashing against the bar.
79' -RODRIGUES CHANCE - Rodrigues goes on a brilliant run down the middle, and with just Lloris to beat, he sends his shot against the post - what an escape for France.
Luxembourg's squad had only had transfer fees paid twice for their squad members, while France's squad had cost £400m in transfer fees.
The former midfield star revealed that he had a conversation with the Manchester United midfielder about playing with freedom for his country
Claude Makelele thinks Paul Pogba "has everything" he needs to lead France to glory at the World Cup next summer and believes he is Les Bleus' most important player.
Didier Deschamps' side face important World Cup qualifiers against the Netherlands and Luxembourg over the course of the next week as they aim to lift themselves out of qualifying Group A, which was opened up as Les Bleus suffered a shock 2-1 reverse against Sweden in June.
Makelele, who played 71 times for his country, believes Pogba will be a key figure both for these fixtures and for those in Russia 2018, should France qualify.
"I think that now Pogba understands the responsibility that he has when with the national team," Makelele told Goal. "I told him when I met him that he can take on the responsibility [of helping France win honours] because he is a great player. He has everything.
"He is tall, with great technique, he can score goals, he gets assists - he has everything. He shouldn’t be scared and he should just do the job."
Pogba has started the season well with Manchester United with two goals in his first three league, including a strike against the Swansea City side that Makelele is now assistant manager of. Now the former Chelsea midfielder wants him to step up to become a leader of a young squad that includes Kylian Mbappe, Thomas Lemar and Tiemoue Bakayoko.
"I am happy that the French national team has a lot of good players," he added. "I think in the future the national team will be better because they have so many young players now.
"These young players need to understand that when you wear the shirt of the national team that you need to die for this shirt. In my generation, everyone was dying for the shirt. You need to understand this.
"When you wear this shirt, you have the whole country behind you. The players need to understand that. I think when they understand that, then they will win the World Cup again."